Breeding of horses should always take place with the ultimate aim being the quality of the foal. This calls for conscious planning of the breeding program in a way which ensure that the mother horse, commonly called the mare and the father, commonly referred to as the stallion are both healthy and of high quality and in good health.
The foal (baby horse) will need proper specialist care to ensure satisfactory growth and development.
Before you decide on breeding a horse, it’s critical that you have prior knowledge about the normal behaviors and needs of the mother during the whole breeding period. As important is to learn as much as you can about the behaviour, needs and normal development of a newborn foal.
Sometimes you may need professional advice, especially for those who are new to the whole area of breeding because there is an awful lot to learn about the whole process from mating and foaling to stud.
Factors to consider when breeding horses.
The whole exercise of mating, looking after a pregnant mare and subsequently looking after the young foal is not a straightforward task and can be challenging, especially for beginners. This guide is meant to help such beginners get more information about what to do.
Care of the pregnant mare
It’s often advisable to determine if the mare is healthy and old enough for breeding because essentially you want a foal that is both healthy and physically fit.
Pregnant mares still require exercise and riding them is safe and beneficial for the first six to eight months of a pregnancy. Riding a pregnant horse after that should be avoided as the foal does most of it’s growing during the last trimester. Attention is needed regarding the amount of exercise and also be vigilant in very high temperatures.
During the gestation period of the mare it is essential to consult your vet for advice on the best nutritional feeds and requirements which are vital to ensure that the mare produces an healthy offspring.
Care of the foal.
When the pregnant mare is due for birth, they should be separated from other horses.
This will allow the pregnant horse to be closely monitored and well fed as well as ensuring the safety of the newborn foal. After birth, the mare should be fed with nutritional food so that the foal can grow stronger and obtain the right nutritional requirements for growth. Four weeks after birth when the foal is ready to feed alongside the mare supplemented nutritional feed should be given to both the mare and the young foal.